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3 Lethal Viruses that Can Attack Humans




3 Lethal Viruses that Can Attack Humans

Celebrating the premiere of the French supernatural thriller The Awakening, about a woman infected with a strange virus, we have selected three of the most lethal viruses that have attacked us in history. Make sure you avoid them!

With one of the highest mortality rates, the Marburg virus takes an important place in this top. Scientists identified the virus in 1967 when small outbreaks occurred among lab workers in Germany who were exposed to infected monkeys imported from Uganda. Similar to Ebola in the cause of hemorrhagic fever. The actual treatment of the virus after infection is not possible, but early, professional treatment of symptoms like dehydration considerably increases survival chances.

The first known Ebola outbreaks in humans hit simultaneously in Sudan and Congo in 1976, and since then, it has kept humanity at a high alert. Ebola is spread through contact with blood or other body fluids, or tissue from infected people or animals. A virus with many strains, Ebola causes a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals, known as Ebola virus disease (EVD). Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever, sore throat, muscular pain, and headaches. Vomiting, diarrhea and rash usually follow, along with decreased function of the liver and kidneys. At this time, some people begin to bleed both internally and externally. The disease has a high risk of death, killing 25% to 90% of those infected.

Probably the silent killer of modernity, HIV is the deadliest virus of all. An estimated 32 million people have died from HIV since the disease was first recognized in the early 1980s. There are two species of this virus, and they cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, the average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype.

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