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The Most Famous Jewels in the World




The Most Famous Jewels in the World

Celebrating the broadcast of the French thriller Two Bullets, about a jeweler who shoots an assailant during a robbery, we have decided to dig for the most famous jewels in the world. These are some beauties that you could rarely afford.

The Hortensia Diamond
Named after the Queen of Holland (Napoleon's step-daughter), the Hortensia diamond was mined in India as one of the Golconda Diamonds, and is part of the French Crown Jewels. It is a 20-carat diamond of pale orange-pink color, cut into a five-sided shape, and with a "feather" (a fine visible crack) running from its tip to its girdle.

In 1887, the Third French Republic sold most crown jewels to quell fears of a royalist coup d'état, from which only jewels of historic significance were exempted. Due to its history, the Hortensia diamond was one of these, alongside the Regent Diamond, the Mazarin diamonds and others. The Hortensia is on display at the Galerie d'Apollon of the Louvre museum in Paris.

The Koh-i-Noor
Considered as one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing 105.6 carats (21.12 g), the Koh-i-Noor is part of the British Crown Jewels. Possibly mined in Kollur Mine, India, during the period of the Kakatiya dynasty, there is no record of its original weight. It was later acquired by Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khalji. The diamond was also part of the Mughal Peacock Throne. It changed hands between various factions in south and west Asia, until being ceded to Queen Victoria after the British annexation of the Punjab in 1849, during the reign of eleven-year-old emperor Maharaja Duleep Singh under the shadow influence of the British ally Gulab Singh the 1st Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, who had been in possession of the stone.

The Hope Diamond
This unique diamond is much-admired for its rare blue color, which is due to trace amounts of boron atoms. Weighing 45.52 carats, its exceptional size has revealed new findings about the formation of diamonds. The stone originated from the Kollur Mine, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh in India. As well as the Hortensia Diamond, this stone is part of the world-famous Golconda Diamonds. Earliest records show the stone was purchased in 1666 by French gem merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier as the Tavernier Blue.

It was purchased in 1949 by New York gem merchant Harry Winston, who toured it for a number of years before giving it to the National Museum of Natural History of the United States in 1958, where it has since remained on permanent exhibition.

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